C# 操作Word 中的OLE——插入、编辑、读取 OLE

2019-12-12 08:12栏目:编程
TAG:

概述

OLE,Object Linking and Embedding,即对象连接与嵌入。我们在设计程序时,OLE可以用来创建复合文档,把文字、声音、图像、表格、应用程序等类型的信息组合在一起,在Word中,我们可以通过OLE来实现以上要素信息的组合。下面的示例中将介绍如何通过C# 来操作Word中的OLE,示例内容包含以下要点:

  • 插入OLE到Word
  • 编辑Word中的OLE
  • 读取Word中的OLE

 

概要

书签的设置可以帮助我们快速的定位某段文字,使用起来很方便,也很节省时间。在前一篇文章“C# 如何添加/删除Word书签”中介绍了插入、删除书签的方法,本篇文章将对C# 操作Word书签的功能做进一步介绍。示例内容将包含以下要点:

  • 在现有书签位置插入图片
  • 在现有书签位置插入表格
  • 读取书签位置的文档内容
  • 替换现有书签位置内容

 

一、序言

在Office Word中,支持在Word文档中插入类型非常丰富的形状,包括线条、矩形、基本形状(诸如圆形、多边形、星形、括号、笑脸等等图形)、箭头形状、公式形状、流程图、旗帜图形、标注图形等等,我们在编程过程中,想要在Word中绘制不同类型的图形,可以通过类库来操作。控件Spire.Doc for .NET 6.0及以上版本开始支持Office Word中的所有图形,可以通过代码操作某个单一的形状,也可以通过将单一形状进行组合来获得想要的图形或形状效果,当然,也支持自己自定义图形,通过编程绘制也是可以的。下面将介绍向Word绘制形状和组合形状的方法,方法中的代码供参考。

PS:

  • Spire.Doc for .NET获取地址
  • 安装后,dll文件可在安装路径下的Bin文件夹中获取

Dll引用

图片 1

使用工具

  •  Spire.Doc for .NET

:下载安装该类库,在编辑代码时,注意在程序中添加引用Spire.Doc.dll(dll文件可在安装路径下的Bin文件夹中获取)

图片 2

使用工具

  • Spire.Doc for .NET 6.1
  • Visual Studio

ps:下载安装该类库后,注意添加引用Spire.Doc.dl到项目程序,dll文件可在安装路径的Bin文件夹中获取。

图片 3

二、代码示例

示例代码(供参考)

示例代码(供参考)

测试文档如下:

图片 4

 

 

(一)绘制单一形状

步骤1:添加如下using指定

using Spire.Doc;
using Spire.Doc.Documents;
using Spire.Doc.Fields;
using System.Drawing;

 

步骤2:创建示例,添加section、paragraph

//创建一个Document实例
Document doc = new Document();
//添加一个section paragraph
 Section sec = doc.AddSection();
 Paragraph para1 = sec.AddParagraph();

 

步骤3:在文档指定位置插入形状,并设置形状类型、大小、填充颜色、线条样式等

(这里简单列举几个形状的添加方法,方法比较简单,不做赘述,效果图中列举了部分形状样式,需要其他样式的形状可自行设置添加)

           //插入一个矩形
            ShapeObject shape1 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Rectangle);
            shape1.FillColor = Color.Blue;
            shape1.StrokeColor = Color.LightSkyBlue;
            shape1.HorizontalPosition = 20;
            shape1.VerticalPosition = 20;

            //插入一个圆形
            ShapeObject shape2 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Ellipse);
            shape2.FillColor = Color.Purple;
            shape2.StrokeColor = Color.LightPink;
            shape2.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
            shape2.StrokeWeight = 1;
            shape2.HorizontalPosition = 80;
            shape2.VerticalPosition = 20;

            //插入一个公式符号 +
            ShapeObject shape3 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Plus);
            shape3.FillColor = Color.DarkCyan;
            shape3.StrokeColor = Color.LightGreen;
            shape3.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
            shape3.StrokeWeight = 1;
            shape3.HorizontalPosition = 140;
            shape3.VerticalPosition = 20;

            //插入一颗星形
            ShapeObject shape4 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Star);
            shape4.FillColor = Color.Red;
            shape4.StrokeColor = Color.Gold;
            shape4.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
            shape4.HorizontalPosition = 200;
            shape4.VerticalPosition = 20;

 

步骤4:保存文档

//保存并打开文档
doc.SaveToFile("InsertShapes.docx", FileFormat.Docx2010);
System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("InsertShapes.docx");

 

形状添加效果:

图片 5

全部代码:

图片 6图片 7

  1 using Spire.Doc;
  2 using Spire.Doc.Documents;
  3 using Spire.Doc.Fields;
  4 using System.Drawing;
  5 
  6 namespace AddShapes_Doc
  7 {
  8     class Program
  9     {
 10         static void Main(string[] args)
 11         {
 12             //创建一个Document实例
 13             Document doc = new Document();
 14 
 15             //添加一个section paragraph
 16             Section sec = doc.AddSection();
 17             Paragraph para1 = sec.AddParagraph();
 18 
 19             //插入一个矩形
 20             ShapeObject shape1 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Rectangle);
 21             shape1.FillColor = Color.Blue;
 22             shape1.StrokeColor = Color.LightSkyBlue;
 23             shape1.HorizontalPosition = 20;
 24             shape1.VerticalPosition = 20;
 25 
 26             //插入一个圆形
 27             ShapeObject shape2 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Ellipse);
 28             shape2.FillColor = Color.Purple;
 29             shape2.StrokeColor = Color.LightPink;
 30             shape2.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 31             shape2.StrokeWeight = 1;
 32             shape2.HorizontalPosition = 80;
 33             shape2.VerticalPosition = 20;
 34 
 35             //插入一个公式符号 +
 36             ShapeObject shape3 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Plus);
 37             shape3.FillColor = Color.DarkCyan;
 38             shape3.StrokeColor = Color.LightGreen;
 39             shape3.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 40             shape3.StrokeWeight = 1;
 41             shape3.HorizontalPosition = 140;
 42             shape3.VerticalPosition = 20;
 43 
 44             //插入一颗星形
 45             ShapeObject shape4 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Star);
 46             shape4.FillColor = Color.Red;
 47             shape4.StrokeColor = Color.Gold;
 48             shape4.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 49             shape4.HorizontalPosition = 200;
 50             shape4.VerticalPosition = 20;
 51 
 52             //插入一个立方体
 53             ShapeObject shape5 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Cube);
 54             shape5.FillColor = Color.OrangeRed;
 55             shape5.StrokeColor = Color.Orange;
 56             shape5.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 57             shape5.HorizontalPosition = 260;
 58             shape5.VerticalPosition = 20;
 59 
 60             //插入一个圆柱体
 61             ShapeObject shape6 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Can);
 62             shape6.FillColor = Color.Goldenrod;
 63             shape6.StrokeColor = Color.Gold;
 64             shape6.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 65             shape6.HorizontalPosition = 320;
 66             shape6.VerticalPosition = 20;
 67 
 68             //插入一个箭头
 69             ShapeObject shape7 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Arrow);
 70             shape7.FillColor = Color.Yellow;
 71             shape7.StrokeColor = Color.Yellow;
 72             shape7.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 73             shape7.HorizontalPosition = 20;
 74             shape7.VerticalPosition = 80;
 75 
 76             //插入一个v形臂章图形
 77             ShapeObject shape8 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Chevron);
 78             shape8.FillColor = Color.YellowGreen;
 79             shape8.StrokeColor = Color.Yellow;
 80             shape8.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 81             shape8.HorizontalPosition = 80;
 82             shape8.VerticalPosition = 80;
 83 
 84             //插入一个循环箭头图形
 85             ShapeObject shape9 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.CircularArrow);
 86             shape9.FillColor = Color.Green;
 87             shape9.StrokeColor = Color.Yellow;
 88             shape9.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 89             shape9.HorizontalPosition = 140;
 90             shape9.VerticalPosition = 80;
 91 
 92             //插入一个云图形
 93             ShapeObject shape10 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.CloudCallout);
 94             shape10.FillColor = Color.LightSkyBlue;
 95             shape10.StrokeColor = Color.White;
 96             shape10.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
 97             shape10.HorizontalPosition = 200;
 98             shape10.VerticalPosition = 80;
 99 
100             //插入一个环形图
101             ShapeObject shape11 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Donut);
102             shape11.FillColor = Color.Pink;
103             shape11.StrokeColor = Color.White;
104             shape11.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
105             shape11.HorizontalPosition = 260;
106             shape11.VerticalPosition = 80;
107 
108             //插入一个波浪形状图
109             ShapeObject shape12 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.DoubleWave);
110             shape12.FillColor = Color.Plum;
111             shape12.StrokeColor = Color.White;
112             shape12.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
113             shape12.HorizontalPosition = 320;
114             shape12.VerticalPosition = 80;
115 
116             //插入一个礼结状图形
117             ShapeObject shape13 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.EllipseRibbon);
118             shape13.FillColor = Color.RosyBrown;
119             shape13.StrokeColor = Color.White;
120             shape13.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
121             shape13.HorizontalPosition = 20;
122             shape13.VerticalPosition = 140;
123 
124             //插入一个心形图
125             ShapeObject shape14 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Heart);
126             shape14.FillColor = Color.Red;
127             shape14.StrokeColor = Color.White;
128             shape14.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
129             shape14.HorizontalPosition = 80;
130             shape14.VerticalPosition = 140;
131 
132             //插入一个六边形图形
133             ShapeObject shape15 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Hexagon);
134             shape15.FillColor = Color.DarkCyan;
135             shape15.StrokeColor = Color.White;
136             shape15.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
137             shape15.HorizontalPosition = 140;
138             shape15.VerticalPosition = 140;
139 
140             //插入一个不规则图形
141             ShapeObject shape16 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.IrregularSeal1);
142             shape16.FillColor = Color.DeepPink;
143             shape16.StrokeColor = Color.White;
144             shape16.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
145             shape16.HorizontalPosition = 200;
146             shape16.VerticalPosition = 140;
147 
148             //插入一个月亮形状
149             ShapeObject shape17 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.Moon);
150             shape17.FillColor = Color.Violet;
151             shape17.StrokeColor = Color.White;
152             shape17.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
153             shape17.HorizontalPosition = 260;
154             shape17.VerticalPosition = 140;
155 
156             //插入一个"禁止"形状
157             ShapeObject shape18 = para1.AppendShape(50, 50, ShapeType.NoSmoking);
158             shape18.FillColor = Color.Yellow;
159             shape18.StrokeColor = Color.Goldenrod;
160             shape18.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Single;
161             shape18.HorizontalPosition = 320;
162             shape18.VerticalPosition = 140;
163 
164             //保存并打开文档
165             doc.SaveToFile("InsertShapes.docx", FileFormat.Docx2010);
166             System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("InsertShapes.docx");
167         }
168     }
169 }

View Code

 

版权声明:本文由bob体育app发布于编程,转载请注明出处:C# 操作Word 中的OLE——插入、编辑、读取 OLE